SDG 3 Courses: Good Health and Well-being

The most important to achieving prosperous societies is ensuring healthy lives of people as well as promotion of well-being for all at all ages. Major progress has been achieved when it comes to improvement of health of millions of people across the world, however, the statistics show that at least half of the world’s populations still have no access to essential health services. Still, more than five million children die each year, before achieving the age of five. The highest child death rates are recorded in the regions of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, where children born into poverty face are almost twice as likely to die before the age of five compared to children born into wealthier families. Even though the maternal mortality rates have been reduced by 37 per cent since 2000, the proportion of mothers who do not survive childbirth in the most affected regions is still 14 times higher compared to developed regions. Antenatal care has increased from 65 percent in 1990 to 83 per cent in 2012 in developing countries, nevertheless, still only half of women receive the recommended amount of health care they need.

Even though child and maternal mortality rates have been reduced and the fight against some diseases has made progress, the goal is to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages by 2030. There is still a major difference in health care systems in rich and poor countries. Efforts must be made to achieve universal health coverage and sustainable financing for health, as well as to tackle the factors that contribute to ill health, such as treatments for non-communicable diseases and antimicrobial resistance.

Ensuring healthy lives for everyone requires a strong commitment. It has been estimated that spending $ 1 billion per year on immunization coverage can save lives of one million children. If not, millions of children will continue to die from preventable diseases, while mothers will lose their lives during pregnancies and childbirths and millions of people will be pushed to poverty due to high health care costs. In the next 15 years, it is expected that noncommunicable diseases will cost middle and low-income countries more than $ 7 trillion. Therefore, a lot has to be done to face both persistent and emerging health issues as well as to fully eradicate a variety of diseases. This can be achieved by finding solutions to more efficient funding of health care systems including access to doctors and physicians, improvement of hygiene and sanitation standards and reduction of ambient pollution.

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