SDG 2 Courses: Zero Hunger

According to the latest statistical data collected in 2017, more than 821 million people are undernourished. The majority of them lives in developing countries, more specifically in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the rate of undernourished populations increasing from 20.7 per cent in 2014 to 23.2. per cent in 2017. Each year, around 3.1 million children die from poor nutrition, while 149 million children under the age of five were found to be chronically undernourished in 2018. What causes the fact that there are so many hungry people in the world are civil insecurity, climate-induced shocks and declining food production, which contribute to high food prices and food scarcity.

The time has come for countries to rethink how they grow, share and consume food. Malnutrition and extreme hunger remain barriers to sustainable development, creating a trap from which people cannot easily escape. Hunger and malnutrition makes people less productive and more prone to diseases. Thus, the goal is to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, as well as promote sustainable agriculture. The rates of undernourishment have remained unchanged during the past three years and this sends a warning that more must be done if the goal of zero hunger is to be achieved by 2030. It has been estimated that in order to achieve this goal and end world hunger there is a need for an additional $ 267 billion per year. This reflects a need for investments in both urban and rural areas, as well as social protection of people living in poverty so that they can improve their livelihoods and have access to food.

Currently, biodiversity, fresh water, ocean and soils are being degraded at a rapid rate, while climate change is affecting the resources that the world population depends on, increasing the risks of natural disasters such as floods and droughts. Many people living in rural areas are forced to migrate to larger cities to search for new opportunities and make ends meet. One of the key ways to achieve zero hunger is to invest in the agricultural sector, which will help reduce hunger and poverty and improve food security, create employment and build resilience to disasters and shocks. A profound change is necessary on the global level and, if done right, forestry, fisheries, and agriculture can provide nutritious food for all, while supporting rural development and protecting the environment. On an individual level, one can contribute to this goal by making changes in his or her own life at home or by supporting local farmers, making sustainable food choices and fighting the food waste. People can use their voting powers to demand businesses and governments to adopt changes that will make zero hunger a reality.

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