SDG 16 Courses: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Violence against children, sexual violence, international homicide and human trafficking represent threats to achieving peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development. These crimes prevent access to justice for all, as well as building of accountable and effective institutions on all levels. Violence against children affects more than one billion children globally and costs governments up to $ 7 trillion per year. This means that 50 per cent of children some form of violence every year, while, every five minutes, a child is killed by violence somewhere in the world. Around 732 million children are not legally protected since they live in countries in which corporal punishments are not prohibited. Around 28.5 million children of primary school age are out of school and majority of them lives in conflict affected areas. The rule of law in these areas as well as in underdeveloped countries, is highly deteriorated. Around 31 per cent of all prisoners in the world are held in without sentencing in prisons. Besides this, countries are also affected by corruption, bribery, tax evasions and thefts. This costs developing countries $ 1.26 trillion per year. Thousands of people remain at risk of murder in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.

In order to eradicate these issues, the goal is to promote inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels by 2030.

For societies to achieve inclusion, peace and justice, it is essential that communities, civil society and governments work together to implement sustainable solutions that will aim to reduce violence, deliver justice, fight corruption and ensure inclusive participation at all times. People must be given freedom to express their views in both private and public spheres and they have to be given an opportunity to contribute to decisions that affect their lives. Governments should enforce policies and laws without any form of discriminations, and all disputes should be tackled through reliable and functioning justice and political systems. National and local institutions should eradicate bribery and corruption and must be accountable to deliver families and communities basic services in effective ways. All form of crimes, such as homicides, trafficking and other organized crime, disturb the foundation of peaceful societies. No country in the world is an exemption and even the most democratic countries face big challenges when it comes to crime, corruption and human rights violations.

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