SDG 13 Courses: Climate Action

The effects of climate change are evident across the world. It is occurring at much higher rates than anticipated. Climate change is now affecting every country in the world, affecting people’s lives and disrupting national economies. From day to day, weather patterns are changing and becoming more extreme. Furthermore, sea levels are rising and greenhouse gas emissions are now at their highest levels. People who live in the poorest areas the ones who are being affected the most. The average temperature of the Earth will most likely surpass three degrees centigrade in this century. Therefore, there is a need for an immediate action to address challenges of climate change.
Rising sea levels and severe weather changes are affecting people and their property in both developing and developed countries. Thus, the goal is to take urgent action to tackle climate change and its impacts by 2030. In order to start this change and strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, countries adopted the Paris Agreement which entered into force in November 2016. In April 2018, 175 countries had ratified the Paris Agreement, while ten developing countries has submitted their national adaptation plans that will tackle the climate change. In addition, all countries that ratified that Agreement agreed to work to limit global temperature rise below two degrees centigrade.
In order to address climate change there needs to be an immediate action since so much more needs to be done. Countries need to transform their energy, transport, food, industry, forestry and agriculture systems to limit the global temperature rise below two degrees. Besides countries that committed to tackle the climate change by adopting the Paris Agreement, many investors and businesses across the world are committing to take action to do the same and lower their emissions since it is not only a right thing to do but also because it makes both business and economic sense. According to estimates, in order to build climate resilience private and public sector investments in clean energy need to reach at least $ 1 trillion per year by 2030. Luckily, more and more business and governments are finding that investing in renewable energy pays off. Estimated costs of mitigation do not account for the benefits of reduced climate change, such as better help, more livable cities, cleaner air and better food security. In the next 15 years, investments of $ six billion for disaster risk reduction would result in $ 360 billion of benefits in avoiding losses over the life time of investment.

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