SDG 10 Courses: Reduced Inequalities

During the past years, the international community has made significant efforts to lift people out of poverty. This particularly applies to least developed countries, developing countries and the small island developing states. Nevertheless, many types of inequalities still persist and there are big disparities when it comes to access to health and education services, as well as other social services. The statistics show that children living in the poorest communities in developing countries are three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday, compared to children living in the richest surroundings. Further, many people who face disabilities are five times more likely to face catastrophic health expenditures compared to average people. Women living in rural areas are three times more likely to dies while giving birth compared to women living in urban places. The income inequalities between men and women still persist within households up to 30 per cent and women are more prone to live below 50 per cent of the median income.

The goal is to reduce inequalities within and among countries by 2030. Achieving this goal is very important because inequalities based on sex, age, income, sexual orientation, race, class, ethnicity and opportunity are still very much present in today’s world. Inequalities endanger both economic and social development, destroy people’s confidence and prevents them from escaping poverty. This, consequently, leads to crime, spread of diseases and environmental degradations. Sustainable development cannot be achieved if people are denied access to opportunities and services and if they do not have a chance for a better life. Therefore, despite progress in some areas, inequalities continue to rise in many parts of the world.

To reduce inequalities there is a need for transformative change. Particularly, more efforts need to be made to fully eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. There is a need for more investments in education, health, social protection and decent jobs with a focus on vulnerable communities, youth and migrants. Countries should abandon discriminatory practices, policies and laws and adopt and empower social and economic growth policies. Developing countries should be better represented in decision making processes in global issues so that solutions can be more credible, effective and accountable. Besides that, governments and other actors can work on the promotion of responsible, safe and regular migration by adopting well planned managed policies that target millions of people who abandoned their homes seeking better opportunities because of discrimination, poverty, conflict, lack of opportunities and other factors.

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